When reproductive efficiency reduces there is need to take help of veterinarian, artificial insemination (AI) technician, feed company representative and other resource people to troubleshoot the causes and determine solutions to the problem.
Management causes of infertility
2. Endocrinological (Hormonal imbalance) infertility
Feeding of waste should be avoided. In delayed ovulation consult a veterinarian for assistance. Use of hormones should be limited and only be done when unavoidable.
3. Infectious Infertility
Maintain a history of herd vaccinations, movement of cattle to and from other premises, and management and origin of bulls. Keep reproductive history records of cows, including number of abortions, conception rate, and approximate breeding dates.
Whenever there is abortion identify aborting cows and isolate them from the rest of the herd. This helps to prevent spread of infection. Testing for Brucella should always be a part of every pre-breeding evaluation. Always conduct test for specific infections. Use blood tests as well as bacterial or viral cultures in diagnosing specific infections. If an infection is identified, treat, vaccinate or cull infected cows as indicated.
Most of the diseases that cause abortions in cattle are zoonotic and can be easily transmitted to humans. Aseptic procedures in handling aborted fetuses and associated tissues, when examining the animal's reproductive system is essential. Use of disposable sterilised plastic gloves protects both the technician and animal from contamination.