Artificial insemination (A.I.) is deposition of semen into the female genital tract by means of instruments.
ADVANTAGES OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION:
There are several advantages by artificial insemination over natural mating or servicing.
Disadvantages of A.I:
RASHTRIYA GOKUL MISSION
Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM) has been launched in December 2014 for development and conservation of indigenous breeds through selective breeding in the breeding tract and genetic upgradation of nondescript bovine population. The scheme comprises of two components namely National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) and National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP).
Objectives of RGM :
➢ Development and conservation of indigenous breeds;
➢ Breed improvement programme for indigenous breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock;
➢ Enhancing milk production and productivity of bovine population by increasing disease free high genetic merit female population and check on spread of diseases ;
➢ Upgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi ;
➢ Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service;
➢ To bring all breedable females under organised breeding through AI or natural service using germplasm of high genetic merits;
➢ To arrange quality Artificial Insemination (AI) services at farmers’ doorstep;
➢ To create e-market portal for bovine germplasm for connecting breeders and farmers;
➢ To increase trade of livestock and livestock products by meeting out sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) issues;
➢ To select breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age through application of genomics.